The human hair does not perform any vital functions. Its presence or absence does not even have a direct effect on overall health. Nevertheless, a person usually perceives progressive and irreversible hair loss as a serious problem. After all, hair performs an aesthetic function. And therefore, their loss, as a rule, becomes the cause of a chronic negative emotional state. And this can already lead to various general pathologies of the body. Recently, hair transplantation methods have been developed that make the results more natural. Hair restoration is one of the most exciting and innovative treatments.
Alopecia is a fairly common problem in middle-aged and older men. Women are much less likely to bald. And if men often, in the end, come to terms with thinning, and then with complete hair loss, then this is perceived by women as a tragedy, the pain of which can hardly be mitigated by anything.
However, baldness today is not at all an irreparable loss. Thanks to the advances in medicine, hair transplantation has now become possible. Modern methods of transplantation allow you to restore hair on any part of the body. What is this operation?
How is the hair transplant performed?
The history of hair transplantation began during World War II – when Dr. Suji Okuda began to transplant vegetation to Japanese soldiers to hide burns and scars. The alliance of Japan with Hitler Germany very negatively affected the reputation of this country in the world. Therefore, after its surrender, world science ignored the achievements of Japanese scientists. And the development of the doctors Suji Okuda and Hajime Tamura for a long time were undeservedly forgotten.
Work in the field of hair transplantation was resumed by the American Norman Orentreich. This cosmetologist surgeon has developed a technology for transplanting vegetation on the head from the back of the head and temples to other areas. The doctor found that it is the occipital and temporal hair that are the most genetically stable and the least susceptible to hormones. Therefore, the probability of their survival is 90%. After transplantation, the bulbs of the transplanted hair remain viable until the patient’s death.
The transplant donor can only be the patient. The hair of another person is rejected when trying to transplant it. In the complete absence of hair on the head, donor material taken from other areas of the body can be used for transplantation.
The real revolution in the field of hair transplantation was made by doctors Robert Burnshane and William Rossman, who chose a new transplant unit – follicular groups consisting of several hairs with a common sebaceous gland and a single blood supply. This method of transplantation is very laborious and requires a high professional level from the surgeon, however, it is he who currently provides the best results.
A hair transplant operation performed by a highly qualified surgeon is an almost painless and low-traumatic procedure, which is quite easily tolerated by the patient. Today, transplantation of vegetation is very popular and widely practiced in the world. Hair transplantation is successfully carried out not only on the parietal part of the head but also on other parts of the body, such as
- eyebrow area;
- eyelash area;
- area of mustache, beard, and whiskers;
- pubic area.
Hair Transplant Surgery: Methods
Currently, the following methods of hair transplantation are used:
The FUE method (the abbreviation Follicular Unit Extraction, which is translated from English as “follicular block extraction”) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure, during which no incisions are made and no stitches are made.
The FUT method (abbreviation Follicular Unit Transplantation, translated as “follicular block transplantation”) is a transplant of skin patches with groups of hair follicles. Sometimes this technology is called the patchwork method.
Hair Transplant FUE Method
For this procedure, a special device called a punch is used. This tool is a hollow tube having a beveled cut. To extract the graft, the doctor translates the punch into the skin of the donor zone by translational motion and rotates the hair group used for further microsurgical manipulations with the rotational movement. The hair follicles are implanted through microscopic punctures in the skin.
hair transplant operation
Hair transplant operation. Photo after the procedure.
Punch can be either manual or mechanical. The latter is driven by a microturbine. To drill the follicles, the surgeon makes only one movement. An operation using a mechanical punch requires high professionalism from the surgeon, as he must feel at what depth the instrument needs to be inserted and at what speed the microturbine should rotate.
The advantages of the FUE method are
- low invasiveness and low invasiveness;
- the ability to obtain high-quality grafts;
- aesthetics of the result;
- the invisibility of spot scars in the donor zone.
- However, the FUE method has its drawbacks:
- the long duration of the operation (up to eight hours);
- inapplicability with a large area of the baldness zone
When a hair transplant operation is contraindicated
Despite the fact that hair transplant surgery is considered a relatively safe procedure, there are contraindications for its conduct.
Vegetation transplantation has age restrictions. It is extremely undesirable to make it to patients under the age of seventeen. During this period, a person has not yet formed a stable hormonal background, and therefore the consequences of a hair transplant can be unpredictable. Possible adverse effects of the operation include, in particular, extensive baldness.
Hair transplantation is not recommended for elderly patients over 70 years of age. An age-related slowdown in regeneration processes in the body significantly reduces the likelihood that transplanted follicles will normally take root.
Hair transplantation is contraindicated and if the patient has the following problems:
- Chronic skin pathologies in the acute phase.
- Severe arterial hypertension.
- The presence of malignant neoplasms.
- Blood clotting disorders.
- Allergic reactions to drugs for local anesthesia.
- The presence of stimulants of the heart and various cardiac implants.
- Pathology of the cardiovascular system.
- Diabetes mellitus and other pathologies of internal secretion.
- Some mental disorders are also a contraindication to hair transplantation. These include:
- A pathological and uncontrolled desire to tear your hair out (trichotillomania).
- The neurosis of obsessive states.
- Distorted perception of your body (dysmorphophobia).
Vegetation transplantation is ineffective if hair loss has occurred due to chemotherapy or radiation, as such effects violate the structure of hair follicles everywhere, including the donor zone. And transplantation of such pathologically altered hair will not lead to the desired result.
A contraindication to hair transplantation can also be considered a patient’s neglect of the prescribed regimen in the preoperative period. So, two weeks before surgery, you can not take minoxidil prescribed for the treatment of androgenic alopecia. During the week before transplantation, the patient should exclude smoking and drinking alcohol. In addition, medications that reduce blood coagulation should not be taken for 7 days before the procedure.
How much does a hair transplant cost
The cost of hair transplantation is determined primarily by the method used. In addition, factors such as the prestige of the clinic and the credibility of doctors influence the price of the procedure.
In the case of using the combined method, the price of the procedure is from Rs 20 to 80 per transplant of one graft.