Python is an extensively used programming language that enables developers to build responsive web and mobile applications with cross-platform compatibility. A large community of developers prefer Python for web application development because of its open-source support libraries and ease of use. According to Stack Overflow, more than 122,864 websites were developed using Python as of 2018.
There are several tools and frameworks for Python application development that enable developers to build cross-platform web and mobile apps. However, the type of framework used for Python app development directly impacts the development efficiency. In this blog post, we are going to compare the two most popular Python app development frameworks on the key quality parameters.
Commonly Used Python App Development Frameworks
Below are the two most extensively used frameworks for Python web app development processes.
Django is an open-source Python framework that simplifies and accelerates web application development with a high-level programming interface. It simplifies the creation of complex database-driven websites and provides several tools to speed up the process. Django follows a model-template-view (MTV) architectural pattern and mainly focuses on the reusability and pluggability of various components. It incorporates low coupling and reduces coding requirements, resulting in rapid development throughout the production cycle. The framework also provides an administrative interface that can be dynamically created and configured via admin models.
Flask is a Python-based micro web framework that enables developers to dynamic web pages and web applications. Popularly known as a microframework, it has no database abstraction layer and doesn’t require third-party tools or libraries. Nevertheless, with Flask, the developers get access to several extensions to add various features and functionalities in a web application. These extensions are regularly updated to meet the dynamically changing development requirements.
Flask consists of the two main components:
It is a common library of Python-based Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI) applications, licensed under Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD). It enables developers to build custom software frameworks supporting Python 2.6, 2.7, and 3.3.
Jinja is a Python-based template engine for high-level programming similar to Django web framework.
Flask vs Django: A Quick Comparison
Below are the main points of comparison between Flask and Django:
As already mentioned above, Django is a full-stack web framework for Python web application development. It mitigates the development complexities by providing a built-in template engine, bootstrapping tools, and an ORM system to accelerate web development.
On the contrary, Flask is a microframework that enables developers to build simple and lightweight web applications with limited features. Unlike Django, it doesn’t include the built-in tools or libraries but supports extensions for adding custom features in web applications.
At Oodles, we have built several high-quality enterprise websites using Python that are successfully running across multiple countries. The main benefit of Python app development is that you get access to several third-party modules and intuitive data structures that accelerate the development process. In addition, it provides enhanced process control capabilities that reduce complexities and speeds up the process.