Alcohol is potentially hazardous and toxic to the reproductive organs of individuals, particularly the male reproductive system. Studies suggest that both men and women ought to be equally careful about alcohol. Although it can not be assumed that all men who drink would have difficulties with fertility, evidence suggests that men with trouble in conceiving can sometimes trace this challenge back to alcohol. It is poisonous to the testicles and badly impacts all the essential cells involved in the production of sperm and the male hormone testosterone. Alcohol also tends to affect the production of the hormone in the brain. A variety of studies have shown that high men’s intake of alcohol tends to affect the sperm count and consistency of sperms. The sperm structure (or morphology) seems to be especially impaired, which may hinder their ability to fertilize the egg.


 Alcohol reduces the sperm count or the quality of the sperm is by stopping the body from soaking in zinc naturally. Zinc is present in sperm in large amounts. It is a mineral especially essential to shaping the outer layer and tail of the sperm cell. Deficiency in zinc was found in people who have low sperm counts. For good motility, the sperm cells require solid tails. Thus, alcohol consumption is associated to have a drastic impact on the sperm count of a man and to some extent, it can be responsible for a man’s infertility.


The male reproductive system consists of three main parts of the body: the brain hypothalamus in the brain, testes, and the anterior pituitary gland attached to the brain. Together, these parts of the body are referred to as the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis or the HPG axis. The use of alcohol affects all areas of the HPG axis in a negative way. 


How does drinking too much affect the sperm and sperm count?


 Drinking too much will even affect your testosterone output over a long period of time. When the body consumes the important ingredient in alcohol, ethanol, it reduces the volume of coenzyme NAD+, which is a key factor in the production of testosterone. Alcohol also affects the Leydig cells that contain testosterone. Because a man’s alcohol intake causes his testosterone levels to decline, it also induces an increase in the estrogen. This decline in testosterone levels and an increase in estrogen consequently results in erectile dysfunction (buy cenforce 200 mg for treatment) and in some cases even shrinking of the testicles. Alcohol’s impacts on male sexual health are well established. It becomes particularly troublesome when there is a couple trying to get pregnant. consumption of alcohol can diminish sex drive and extreme alcohol consumption can also make a man impotent. According to research-based on rats showed that consuming alcohol decreases testosterone levels in males. (Testosterone is a crucial sperm generating and sex appeal hormone).


The hypothalamus, the anterior pituitary gland, and the testes constitute the male reproductive organs. Alcohol can interfere with the role of each of these components, resulting in impotence, infertility, and decreased male secondary sexual properties. Alcohol will adversely affect the Leydig cells in the testes, which manufacture and secrete the testosterone hormone. Research also showed that high alcohol consumption contributes to decreased blood testosterone levels. Alcohol also impairs the work of the Sertoli testicular cells which play a major role in sperm maturation. Alcohol may decrease the production, release, and/or action of two hormones with essential reproductive functions in the pituitary gland, luteinizing the hormone and follicle-stimulating hormones. Finally, alcohol in the hypothalamus can interact with hormone development.


In a precise way, the consumption of heavy amounts of alcohol causes a lot of damage to the sperm count by : 


  • It reduces the production of sperm to a great extent by lowering the testosterone levels, strand stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone, and increases the level of estrogen in the body. 


  • Heavy alcohol intake can also result in impotence in men or sometimes it becomes the major cause of infertility in men because it shrinks the testes. 


  • It is also responsible for changing the release amount of gonadotropin which affects the production of sperm.


  • It affects sperm production, sperm count and its quality by changing the shape, activity, and size of healthy sperm.


  • Drinking too much alcohol causes premature ejaculation or delayed ejaculation.


  • The consumption of alcohol with some certain kinds of drugs like opioids is also a leading cause of infertility in men.


  • Alcohol damages both the hypothalamus and the anterior pituitary gland because heavy alcohol use can reduce the amount of LH produced in the body. It is also assumed that alcohol reduces the amount of FSH produced in the body.


What amount of alcohol does it take to affect the male sexual system? 


With all sorts of alcohol out there, it can be hard to find out what amount counts as one drink. Heavy drinking is described by the Center for Disease Control as having 15 drinks or more per week. To your health, heavy drinking is the most dangerous because it does not give your body time to relax and heal from the harm you have done to it by drinking. While we’ve already discussed how alcohol affects your fertility, long-term heavy drinking takes it one step further. Not all men would be impaired by the same amount of alcohol in the same way. Nonetheless, based on studies so far, it seems that sperm quality begins to get affected at rates of just 5 or 6 regular drinks per week. Long-term heavy drinking may cause major damage to the liver, and as the liver is responsible for processing hormones, this can lead to increased estrogen and severe hormonal imbalances.



According to research, published in the journal BMJ Open,  1,200 Danish male military recruits between the ages of 18 and 28, all of whom underwent a medical review between 2008 and 2012. For part of the evaluation, they were questioned about their drinking habits and requested to provide sperm and blood samples.

The total number of units drunk in the previous week was 11. The researchers noticed that consuming alcohol was correlated with variations in the levels of reproductive hormones in the previous week, with the increasingly apparent effects of further alcohol intake. The researches found that testosterone levels increased while sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) decreased. In this group of men, researchers found that the higher the number of weekly units, the lower was the sperm quality in terms of sperm count and the proportion of sperm that was average in size and shape.


Experts claim that all consumption of alcohol is likely to have an effect on sperm quality and fertility to some level, and therefore the only approach to get the result completely positive is for a guy to quit drinking alcohol fully around three months before a couple decides to get pregnant. This is because at least three months are required for sperm cells to mature, ready for ejaculation. Alcohol is harmful to female fertility too and it is not advised to drink during pregnancy. So restricting or giving up alcohol along with your wife could be a great effort to help each other in maximizing your fertility as a couple – and to ensure your baby’s optimum safety.


What Is The Standard Amount Of Drink?


The standard drink in the United States includes 0.6 ounces (14.0 grams or 1.2 tablespoons) amount of pure alcohol. Normally, this level of pure alcohol is present in 12-ounce beer (5 percent alcohol content).

8-ounces of malt liquor in which alcohol content is 7 %.

5-ounces in which alcohol content is 12 %.

1.5-ounces of 80-odd (40 percent alcohol content) distilled spirits or liquor (e.g. gin, rum, vodka, whiskey).

The American Dietary Guidelines describe moderate alcohol consumption as up to 1 drink each day for women and up to 2 drinks a day for men. However, the Dietary Guidelines do not suggest that people who do not drink alcohol should start drinking for some other reason.


Other Harmful Impacts Of Alcohol Consumption


Immoderate consumption of alcohol can contribute to chronic diseases and other health issues, including high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive disorders. Excessive alcohol consumption also increases the risk of certain types of cancers like breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, liver, and colon cancer. It causes weakening of the immune system and consequently raising the risk of becoming sick. Binge drinking can also give rise to cognitive and memory difficulties, including dementia.


Continuous abuse of alcohol can cause permanent and irreversible harm. With time, binge drinking can cause health implications like depression and anxiety and can lead to certain other mental health issues. The use of alcohol can also lead to an increased risk of some types of cancers as well as significant brain injury. 


Consumption of alcohol can lead to Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), defined by amnesia, severe confusion, and visual disorder. WKS is a brain disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine or loss of vitamin B-1. Vitamin and magnesium supplements, together with alcohol abstinence, can improve side effects. 


The poor vision and decision making you experience when you consume alcohol can cause you to think you can still drive even after being drunk, irrespective of your BAC. Those drivers who have a  .08 BAC are 11 percent more likely to be injured or killed in a single-vehicle accident as compared to drivers who don’t drink. Several counties have implemented harsh penalties on drivers with elevated levels of blood alcohol content  (.15 to.20 BAC or above) because of an excessive possibility of life-threatening accidents which not just include the person who drinks but also the one who does not.   


Drinking alcohol during pregnancy has often been associated with congenital abnormalities and infant developmental issues. Also, a recent research demonstrated that there is a correlation between congenital heart defects found in a baby and drinking before conception by his potential parents. Fathers who drank during the three months prior to birth were 44 percent more likely to have babies born with congenital heart disease compared to non-drinkers.


Quitting Alcohol


Excess alcohol and drug addiction is a widespread problem nowadays. Like any substance abuse, it’s an issue you can not solve on your own.  Although treatment programs can offer solutions that you must need for your treatment. Most of the people with excess alcohol consumption issue do not want to make a major shift out of the blue or turn their drinking habits instantly. Recovery appears to be a more gradual process. Denial is a major impediment in the early stages of transition. You can also make excuses after admitting that you have a drinking problem, and drag your feet. Recognizing your ambivalence about stopping drinking is critical.


It’s hard to battle addiction but the outcomes are worse. It has a detrimental effect on a man’s physical and emotional health. This also affects the individual’s family and friends, hurting the ones you most love and care about.

The positive thing is it’s never too late for quitting alcohol. When you accept that you have a problem, you’re on your road to recovery. You can and should overcome addiction. 

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